Categories
lawlibrary Maryland Law

Maryland 2022 Session: New Laws in Effect July 1, 2022

New laws go into effect in Maryland on July 1, 2022.  While most of the laws enacted in the 2022 session will go into effect on October 1, there are laws that will take effect in July. The Department of Legislative Services General Assembly of Maryland Dates of Interest 2022 SESSION indicates that on July 1 budgetary, tax, and revenue bills take effect and that October 1 is the usual effective date for bills.

The Maryland Manual explains the effective dates in the article, “THE LEGISLATIVE PROCESS: HOW A BILL BECOMES A LAW”:

All bills passed by the General Assembly become law when signed by the Governor, or when passed over the Governor’s veto by three-fifths of the membership of each house. According to the Constitution, laws thus approved take effect on the first day of June after the session in which they were passed, except when a later date is specified in the act, or the bill is declared an emergency measure. For many years, most laws took effect July During the 1992 Session, however, October 1 began to be used as the standard effective date for legislation, coinciding with the start of the federal government’s fiscal year. Emergency bills, passed by three-fifths of the total number of members of each house, become law immediately upon their approval by the Governor.

All passed bills, except the budget bill and constitutional amendments, must be presented to the Governor within twenty days following adjournment of a session. The Governor may veto such bills within thirty days after presentation. If a passed bill is not vetoed, it becomes law. The budget bill, however, becomes law upon its final passage and cannot be vetoed. Constitutional amendments also cannot be vetoed; they become law only upon their ratification by the voters at the next general election.

Bills going into effect on July 1 include:

Inclusive Schools Act (HB850/CH739) prohibits “county boards of education and certain schools and prekindergarten programs from taking certain discriminatory actions because of a person’s race, ethnicity, color, religion, sex, age, national origin, marital status, sexual orientation, gender identity, or disability.”

Abortion Care Access Act (HB937/CH56) creates the Abortion Care Clinical Training Program in the Maryland Department of Health to ensure that there are a sufficient number of health professionals to provide abortion care.

Retirement Tax Elimination Act of 2022 (SB405/CH4 and HB1468/CH3) allows a subtraction modification under the Maryland income tax.

Time to Care Act (SB275/CH48) establishes the Family and Medical Leave Insurance Program.

Work Opportunity Tax Credit (SB598/CH5 and HB2/CH6) allows employers that claim the federal work opportunity credit to claim a credit against the State income tax.

A full listing of bills effective July 1, 2022 is here.

There are laws that were passed in previous sessions that take effect this July 1. For example a law affecting the calculation of child support was passed in 2020 (HB496/CH 383 and SB809/CH384) but was delayed in 2021 (HB1339/CH305) to take effect this year on July 1.

See the “The 90 Day Report: A Review of the 2022 Legislative Session” for more information on the 2022 session.  There is a similar report that covers the last five years: Major Issues Review 2019-2022.

Categories
lawlibrary Maryland Law Pro Bono

Lawyer in the Library: Wrap-Up for March and April 2022

The Ask a Lawyer in the Library Program welcomed Jennifer Jones and William Moomau as the newest pro bono volunteers this spring. They joined Steve Migdal, Jack Paltell, Richard Ronay, Carole Brown and Saul McCormick in assisting 20 people with a variety of legal issues in April and March. Issues included landlord/tenant, contracts, wills and estates, consumer debt and property disputes with neighbors.

The law library will send issue related information to registrants so that they might have a better understanding of the law in preparation for their time with the attorney. This information is also shared with the attorneys so that they can review the same resources. The library maintains FAQ pages, making this easy. Recent FAQ pages included landlord/tenant, wills and estates, name change, and expungement. When there is not a FAQ to send the People’s Law Library of Maryland is great source. recent articles include Solving Disputes with Your Neighbors and Filing a Consumer Complaint.

“Ask a Lawyer in the Library” is held every Wednesday of the month from 11:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. and on the third Wednesday from 4:30 p.m. – 6:30 p.m. You can talk with a volunteer lawyer for at least 20 minutes about your civil, non-family legal problem for free. All sessions are now conducted over Zoom or by phone.

This program is sponsored by Anne Arundel County Local Pro Bono Committee, Maryland Volunteer Lawyers Service, and the Anne Arundel Bar Association. It is hosted by the Anne Arundel County Public Library.

Register online here or call the law library for help. Once you have registered, you will be sent a link to an intake sheet. Instructions for meeting with the attorney will be sent once the intake is competed.

Contact the library if you have questions: (phone) 410-222-1387 or (email) AALawLibrarian@mdcourts.gov

Categories
Maryland Law

Sine Die – The Maryland Legislative Session Has Ended

The 2022 legislative session ended on Monday night, April 11, 2022 at midnight. Visit the Maryland General Assembly website to find out what passed and what didn’t over the last 90 days. There are links to:

Senate Bills Introduced

House Bills Introduced

Bills Passed by Both Chambers

Bills Enacted (Chapters)

Most laws will go into effect on October 1, 2022.  However, to be sure you can check the effective date at the end of the enacted legislation.

Find out more about the workings of the legislature in the article, “The Legislative Process: How a Bill Becomes a Law,” in the Maryland Manual Online .

Categories
lawlibrary Maryland Law

Tax Season is Upon Us 

Tax filings are due in less than a month, and like many, you have probably been putting them off. Fortunately, there are online tools and helpful information available through our library for those who just need the tools and forms to get them done, learn more specific aspects about tax filing, or become more proficient in tax law.

General Tax Filing Information and Tools 

Assistance 

Appeals 

Library Resources  

Categories
lawlibrary Libraries Maryland Law

Law on the Frontlines: Legal Reference for Public Libraries

This training begins on March 1, 2022. Sessions will cover the basics and then concentrate on subject specific issues. You can register for all sessions or pick the ones you want. Register here.

Categories
lawlibrary Maryland Law

2022 Maryland Legislative Session

The Maryland legislative session began yesterday, January 12, 2022. The Maryland General Assembly website is the place to find information needed to follow the 2022 session. Issues to be addressed this year include redistricting, COVID-19, family leave, legalization of cannabis, employer vaccine mandates, and evictions. For detailed discussion of issues see the 2022 Issue Papers prepared by the Department of Legislative Services Office of Policy Analysis.

See the Session dates of interest for a session calendar. It includes the last dates when House (February 4) and Senate bills (February 7) can be introduced without going before the respective Rules Committees. The last day of the session, SINE DIE, is April 11.

Senate protocols and the House Committee Guidelines provide information on how the session and committees will be conducted especially in relation to COVID. The House Guidelines are available in plain language and in an easy read format.

The Legislation tab provides access to all bills introduced and their progress through the session. There you can review bills that have been introduced by the Senate and House.

Categories
lawlibrary Maryland Law Self Represented

Landlord/Tenant and Eviction Prevention Resources for Anne Arundel County

Information is collected on the on the Self Help and Pro Bono Wiki FAQ page. FAQs on Landlord and Tenant include links to articles, videos and Maryland law.

ASSISTANCE

Eviction Protection Program Tenants in crisis can contact Arundel Community Development Services (ACDS) to access emergency grants to pay past due rent and utility payments. Certain conditions apply. You can find out more at the Arundel Community Development Services (410-222-7600)

CLS Anne Arundel County Eviction Prevention Legal Program  Community Legal Services counsels tenants on what to do if they are behind in their rent due to Covid and provide representation in Failure to Pay Rent (FTPR) cases. (brochure)

 Renter Eviction Avoidance Program (REAP) for Annapolis Housing Authority (HACA) tenants.

Ask A Lawyer in the Library –Talk in-person with a volunteer lawyer for up to 20 minutes about your civil legal problem for free!

Maryland Court Help Center

Phone (410-260-1392) and online chat. Monday through Friday:  8:30 a.m. – 8:00 p.m. 

District Court Help Center – in-person assistance for District Court matters, Monday through Friday:  8:30 a.m. – 4:30 p.m. 

District Court Self-Help Resource Center
George M. Taylor Multi-Service Center
7500 Gov. Ritchie Highway
Glen Burnie, Maryland 21061-3756

Get Free Legal Answers — American Bar Association program for email-based assistance (must income qualify)

Legal Services Directory – free and low-cost assistance includes:

Categories
lawlibrary Maryland Law

New Maryland Laws: October 1, 2021

The Maryland General Assembly enacted 771 laws in the session that ended on April 12, 2921. Most of those laws will go into effect on October 1, 2021. The following is just a tiny sampling:

CH680 (SB201) Criminal Procedure – Expungement of Records Provides for the expungement of records for cases with a disposition of acquittal; dismissal; not guilty; or nolle prosequi, except nolle prosequi with a requirement of drug or alcohol treatment.

HB 18 (SB746)— Landlord and Tenant – Residential Tenants – Access to Counsel. Creates a new notice requirement for landlords in a failure to pay rent case. The law also establishes an Access to Counsel in Evictions program with full implementation by October 1, 2025.

CH 74(SB66) established the Office of Statewide Broadband to ensure that all Maryland residents have access to reliable and affordable broadband.

The Maryland General Assembly website provides access to all legislation from 2021 and other years as well. Check out The 90-Day Report: A Review of the 2021 Legislative Session for an overview and discussion of all 2021 legislation.

Categories
lawlibrary Maryland Law

Maryland Legal Aid COVID Videos on YouTube

Maryland Legal Aid has added a number of videos in response to the effects of COVID on certain areas of law on YouTube. Right now you can find a video on the following topics:

More articles on COVID resources can be found on our Coronavirus/COVID19 Resources page.

Categories
lawlibrary Maryland Law Self Represented

Life Planning & Power of Attorney

Information on power of attorney, health care power of attorney (health care directives) and standby guardianship for children (delegation of parental authority) can now be found here, all in one place, on the Maryland Judiciary’s website.

The page states:

This page provides some standard legal forms to help you prepare for death, incapacity, or unavailability. These documents are complicated and can have serious consequences. Consider consulting with a lawyer before you sign any paperwork.